Menorrhagia, commonly referred to as Heavy Menstrual Bleeding (HMB) or Hypermenorrhea, is when a woman experiences an abnormally heavy menstrual flow. HMB is when a woman experiences excessive vaginal bleeding of more than 80 ml of blood loss In this condition, periods can prolong for seven or more days with extreme bleeding, and there may also be a large clot formation.
Puberty menorrhagia is a condition where there is an excessive amount of bleeding during menstruation (>80 ml) or duration (> seven days) between menarche and 19 years of age. Menarche is a hallmark event in the life of most adolescent girls. This signifies the shift from childhood to adolescence.
Reassurance, non-hormonal treatments, and observation can manage mild bleeding if normal hemoglobin levels are maintained
The goal of hormonal therapy is to stabilize the endometrium. Other possible causes of menorrhagia include:
A hormonal imbalance can lead to heavy menstrual bleeding. The hormones estrogen and progesterone typically keep the uterine lining (endometrium) buildup in check during the menstrual cycle. But if the hormones become imbalanced, the endometrium can develop too much and cause heavy bleeding during menstruation.
Uterine cancer and cervical cancer are potential causes of heavy menstrual bleeding.
Conditions like Von Willebrand's disease can cause abnormal menstrual bleeding due to a blood-clotting factor deficiency or impairment.
Some medications can cause heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding. These include anti-inflammatory drugs, hormonal medications like estrogen and progestins, and anticoagulants such as warfarin or enoxaparin.
Menorrhagia may be associated with conditions like liver or kidney disease
Medications Used to Treat Heavy Menstrual Bleeding
The treatment options for abnormally heavy bleeding vary depending on the root cause. They may involve hormonal birth control, hormonal therapy, medications that lower the amount of bleeding, or surgical procedures. Women with benign heavy menstrual bleeding can choose many medical and surgical treatment options to reduce their blood loss and improve their quality of life.
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