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Essential Nutrients Required During Pregnancy

November 28, 2023

During pregnancy, the body undergoes many physical and hormonal changes. Make healthy choices for you and your baby to ensure a happy pregnancy. Your food choices significantly impact the baby, as the food you consume is its primary nourishment. Your food should be balanced, nutritious, and healthy to get all the nutrition you need. So what are the essential nutrients required for healthy foetal development? When you choose the pregnancy packages in Hyderabad, you get guidance on the vital nutrients. Following the nutritional guidelines below helps you get all the nutrients needed.

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Essential Nutrients Needed During Pregnancy

The fundamental rules of healthy eating during pregnancy are always the same as prescribed by the gynecologists from the best gynecology hospital in Hitech City, Hyderabad. Drink plenty of water and consume plenty of vegetables, lean protein, fruits, and healthy fats. But there are a few nutrients that need special mention during pregnancy. Unsurprisingly, your body needs more nutrition during pregnancy, and eating for two is not entirely incorrect. You need more macro and micronutrients for the baby and yourself.

Micronutrients refer to essential components such as vitamins and minerals that the body requires in small amounts to perform various vital functions. On the other hand, macronutrients give energy or calories and are consumed in the form of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates. For a healthy pregnancy, it is essential to have an adequate amount of each of these components. A guideline for the vital nutrients is:

  • Calcium: 1200 mg (milligrams)
  • Folate: 600 to 800 mcg (micrograms)
  • Iron: 27 mg
  • Protein: 70 to 100 grammes per day

What Should I Eat and How Much?

Nutritionists at the best gynecology hospital in Hyderabad recommend that they meet nutritional needs by incorporating a diet that has:

As part of pregnancy packages in Hyderabad, nutritionists recommend that you include a variety of foods for you and your baby's needs. What and how much you should eat are similar to your regular diet and are only amplified. Avoid processed foods as much as you

can, as they have zero nutritional value. Consuming lean protein, whole grains, and fresh fruits and vegetables can provide numerous health benefits.


During pregnancy, protein is crucial for developing the baby's organs, tissues, and brain, as well as the mother's uterine and breast tissue. It improves the baby's blood supply by allowing more blood flow. The protein needs to increase every trimester, and you will need about 70 to 100g of protein every day, depending on the trimester and your weight. Some good protein sources are salmon, chicken, lean meat like pork or beef, cottage cheese, beans, peanut butter, and nuts.


These are nutrients that regulate the use of your body fluids and also build your and the fetus's bones. It also supports the healthy functioning of the nervous, circulatory, and muscular systems. A pregnant woman needs 1000 mg of calcium in two doses per day. Some good sources of calcium are cheese, milk, yoghurt, seafood like catfish, salmon, tuna, shrimp, tofu, dark green vegetables, and leafy vegetables.


It is known as folic acid and is critical in decreasing the risk of neural tube defects. These are some of the significant congenital disabilities that can affect the spinal cord and brain of a developing fetus. When you are pregnant, all Gynecologists in Hitech City recommend you have 600 to 800 mcg of folate. You can derive folate from lentils and dried beans, eggs, liver, peanut butter, nuts, and dark green and leafy vegetables.


Along with water, potassium and sodium work to enhance blood flow. When there is good blood flow, there is adequate oxygen supply for both the mother and baby. So, consume about 27 mg of iron daily, along with vitamin C, as it enhances iron absorption. The body uses it to produce haemoglobin- a protein that uses red blood cells and carries oxygen to the tissues. During pregnancy, the body requires twice as much iron to create more blood for the baby. Gynecologists in Hitech City say you might feel fatigued or have headaches if there is insufficient iron in the body. It can also increase the chances of premature birth, low birth weight, and postpartum depression. Dark green and leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, eggs, lean poultry, lean beef, enriched cereals, and bread are good sources of this nutrient.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D and calcium are essential to building the baby's teeth and bones. It is recommended that you consume at least 600 IU of vitamin D every day. A good source of vitamin D is fatty fish like salmon. Other choices are fortified orange juice and milk.

Other Nutrients

Apart from the above, a few more nutrients are essential for you to thrive during pregnancy. Those include salt, choline, and vitamin B. The best gynecology hospital in Hitech City also advises you to drink enough water and eat well. You may have to take supplements if you need help to get sufficient nutrients from food. Consult the best gynecologist in Hitech City today to learn about prenatal vitamins to be taken during this crucial period.


1. What are the primary nutrients needed during pregnancy?

The primary nutrients for a healthy baby during pregnancy are folic acid, calcium, protein, vitamin D, iron, and choline.

2. What are the most essential nutrients for getting pregnant?

Iron, iodine, calcium, folic acid, vitamin D, zinc, selenium, and magnesium are essential nutrients.

3. What are the six essential tips for good nutrition during pregnancy?

  • Choose nutrient-rich foods so that you feel full for a longer time.
  • Avoid processed and fried food as they have no nutrition and cause more harm than good.
  • Embrace snacking instead of having heavy meals and have small but frequent meals.
  • Keep your weight in check.
  • Stay hydrated.
  • Take prenatal vitamins.

Want to consult the best gynecologists in India? Please find the links below.

  1. Best Gynecologists in Bangalore
  2. Top Gynecologists in Chennai
  3. Top Obstetricians & Gynecologists in Mumbai
  4. Top Gynecologists near me in Pune
  5. Best Obstetricians & Gynecologists in Chandigarh
  6. Top Obstetricians & Gynecologists near me in Gurgaon
  7. Best Gynecologists near me in Noida
  8. Top Gynecologist near me in Panchkula
  9. Top Gynecologist In Delhi
  10. Top Gynecologists in Faridabad
  11. Best Gynecologists in Hyderabad

Want to consult the best Maternity Packages in India? Please find the links below.

  1. Best Maternity Packages in Bangalore
  2. Top Maternity Packages in Chennai
  3. Best Maternity Packages with Cost in Mumbai
  4. Best Maternity/ Delivery Packages with Charges in Pune
  5. Top Maternity Packages with Cost in Chandigarh
  6. Top Maternity/ Delivery packages with Charges in Gurgaon
  7. Best Pregnancy Packages in Noida
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