Stem cells are the basic building blocks of our body. These are a class of undifferentiated cells and have the potential to develop into specialized cells like blood cells, brain cells, etc. in the body. In modern science, stem cells have become a very important field as these can be used to replace cells or repair cells affected or damaged by injuries, illness, or ageing.
As the name suggests, stem cell banking is simply the process of extracting, processing, and preserving stem cells for future uses. Stem cell banking is often synonymously used with cord blood banking, which is the process of collecting cord blood and freezing the stem cells. Cord blood (or umbilical cord blood) is the blood that remains in the umbilical cord and the placenta after delivery.
Umbilical cord blood can be used for a variety of tasks like:
Cord blood transplantation refers to the replacement of maligned cells with healthy cells or to strengthen the production of new healthy cells. Cord blood transplantation depends on various factors like the disease to be treated, the availability of stem cells, the health of patient etc. Once suitable stem cells are found, the patient undergoes through a series of treatments, which is known as the conditioning. The conditioning depends on the disease being treated (for example, chemotherapy or radiotherapy might be used as conditioning treatment).
After the conditioning is over, cord blood transplantation is done. The process is very similar to that of blood transfusion. The isolated stem cells, after being tested, are infused through intravenous (IV) therapy directly into the patient’s blood supply. The cells then start to act according to the purpose and aid recovery.
Though very useful in the treatment of various problems, cord blood transplantation has some disadvantages like:
Despite a few disadvantages, cord blood banking a great way to secure your child against various life-threatening diseases.
Cloudnine is one of the few child hospitals that offers state of the art facilities for stem cell banking. Cryonine on Cloudnine, a world-class stem cell banking service provides you with the best facilities for stem cell preservation. Our processing and storage facilities are certified by various globally renowned agencies. Our policies ensure that there is a minimum risk of contamination of the stem cells.
Moreover, we at Cloudnine ensure immediate and hassle-free availability of stem cells, so that you may not have to depend on the availability of donors at the time of need.
Must read - Reasons to opt for stem cell banking