Pregnancy is one of the most exciting phases of one’s life. However, conceiving a baby is not a very simple task but is rather a calculative thing and requires tracking of one’s menstrual cycle besides various other factors. Though you can get pregnant at any time of your menstrual cycle, there is only a small window of a few days when you are most likely to conceive and get pregnant.
Ovulation and menstrual cycle:
The menstrual cycle has normally a period of about 28 days (though it can widely vary from one individual to another). Ovulation normally occurs around the 14th day of your cycle. Ovulation is when a mature egg is released from the ovary which travels through the fallopian tube and is ready to be fertilized. The time of ovulation can also widely vary from one individual to another. Ovulation often occurs without any symptoms and hence one closely needs to keep track of one’s menstrual cycles. There are also various online period calculators available which can help you keep a track of your periods.
Theoretically speaking, women are most fertile at the time of ovulation. In most women, the window of 10 to 16 days before the next period is due is the time when ovulation occurs and when conception is most likely. However, in women who have menstrual cycles shorter or longer than 28 days, this time frame can differ. If trying to get pregnant, this small window frame of 10-16 days before the next period or the time around ovulation is the best time to try.
Symptoms of pregnancy:
Some of the earliest symptoms of pregnancy to look out for are:
- Tenderness or swelling of breasts is often one of the first symptoms of pregnancy. As early as two weeks after getting pregnant, your breasts may feel tender or swollen due to hormonal changes.
- Nausea is another early symptom of pregnancy. It may or may not be accompanied by vomiting and starts as early as two weeks after getting pregnant.
- Mood swings are also quite common in the first trimester. Hormonal fluctuations are also responsible for mood swings.
- A missed period is one of the most obvious and early symptom of pregnancy.
- Some other common symptoms include fatigue, constipation, headaches etc.
If you notice any of the above changes in your body, you may be pregnant. However, some other conditions can also cause the other symptoms and hence you might need a pregnancy test to confirm pregnancy.
When to take a pregnancy test?
A pregnancy test helps you confirm your pregnancy. However, if taken too early, it can show false results and cause you unnecessary despair. Even if the egg is fertilized, the test can still show negative results if taken too early. This is because the egg does not produce the hormone hCG (which a pregnancy test detects) until the implantation is complete. And hence, the test will not detect any hCG even after fertilization if implantation has not occurred.
Experts suggest that you should not take the test earlier than 12-14 days after ovulation. In most cases, implantation occurs in the interval of 8-10 days after ovulation and hence taking the test before 8 days after ovulation has a high probability of giving you false results. Hence, it is recommended to take the test 12-14 days after ovulation. Irrespective of the results you get, it is also highly recommended to retake the test after two days for confirmation.
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