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Symptoms and Causes of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding


A strange visit from Aunt Flo can catch you off-guard, like an unexpected house guest on a moody Monday morning. Unlike a house guest though, an abnormal period can be a tricky thing to navigate, leaving you wondering what’s wrong.While there’s no norm for menstrual cycles – yours might fluctuate from month to month in length, flow or frequency – it’s when they lose all semblance of a pattern, become excessively unpredictable, heavy or even debilitating, that it’s worth thinking about having yourself checked for an underlying medical condition.

Symptoms of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

Abnormal uterine bleeding can manifest in various ways. Some are outlined below.[caption id="attachment_20326" align="aligncenter" width="500"]

abnormal uterine bleeding

abnormal uterine bleeding[/caption]

  • Period Frequency

If the frequency of your cycle differs drastically from month to month, your body may be telling you something. Monitor your period – if it’s less than 3 weeks or more than 5 weeks apart, meet a doctor.

  • Period Length

On an average, a period lasts about 4 to 5 days. If you notice a flow of less than 2 days or one more than 7, something might be wrong.

  • Period Flow

If you could measure how much blood you’re losing every cycle, you’d ideally want to measure up to about 50-70 ml per cycle. Although it’s difficult to determine, a period with an excessive flow (one where you find yourself changing your pad every hour) could point to a problem.

  • Mid-Cycle Spotting

This is a cause for concern. Speak to your doctor to investigate why Aunt Flo is making a pit stop in the middle of the month.

  • Bleeding After Intercourse

Bleeding after sex isn’t always a concern. But if it becomes a persistent problem, it could signal something more.

  • Bleeding During Pregnancy

Bleeding during pregnancy doesn’t have to set off alarm bells. About 30-40 % of women experience some kind of bleeding when they’re pregnant and most of them go on to have healthy babies. However, bleeding can also be a sign of an ectopic pregnancy (a fertilized egg implanted outside the uterus) or a miscarriage. If you experience any kind of bleeding, reach out to your doctor.

  • Bleeding After Menopause

If you’re bleeding after menopause, call your doctor to find out the course of action you need to take. Bleeding is a common outcome of menopause-led hormone replacement therapy, but it’s always a good idea to seek an expert opinion.Must read - Types and causes of Menstrual Problems

Causes of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

[caption id="attachment_20324" align="aligncenter" width="600"]

a woman getting pains because of the abnormal uterine bleeding

a woman getting pains because of the abnormal uterine bleeding - image via[/caption]

  • Hormonal Changes

Hormonal changes may be caused by:

  • Birth control pills or other meds
  • Rapid weight gain or loss
  • Physical fatigue
  • Emotional stress
  • An intrauterine device
  • Uterine Problems

Fibroids, polyps and adenomyosis are all uterine issues that trigger untimely bleeding. They can be addressed through medical or surgical intervention.

  • Other Factors

Clotting disorders, blood thinning medication, problems with the thyroid or liver, cervical or endometrial infections, and cervical, uterine or endometrial cancer can all lead to abnormal bleeding.

  • Treatment Options

Your treatment will hinge on the root cause of your bleeding, and on whether you are planning any children in the future. If you’re menopausal, your doctor may recommend expectant management, to see if your symptoms subside without any intervention. Usually, medical options include hormone therapy, anti-inflammatory meds, tranexamic acid and the insertion of an intrauterine device. In more severe cases, surgery may be advised, in the form of endometrial ablation, a myomectomy, or a hysterectomy. If you find yourself with persistent menstrual irregularities – between or during cycles – have yourself evaluated by a gynecologist. By seeking a diagnosis early, you can safeguard your health and keep any underlying conditions from snowballing into bigger problems. Most importantly, you can send Aunt Flo on a sabbatical and live life on your own terms.Must read - What are the treatments for common gynaecological problems?