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Pregnancy with Ovarian Cyst

December 18, 2020


What is an Ovarian Cyst?


Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or cavity that may be formed on or inside the ovaries. They are extremely common among ovulating women and are pretty harmless, not causing any symptoms of pain unless ruptured, which is why they go undetected. Ovarian cysts are usually not cancerous and do not require any medical intervention. They’re mostly diagnosed during routine pelvic examinations or ultrasounds, where even the size of the cyst is visible.

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Ovarian cyst while you’re expecting


Being diagnosed with ovarian cysts while you’re trying or expecting may get you worked up. You must know that ovarian cysts do not usually cause problems with your fertility. It is common during early pregnancy, usually harmless. However, it may be painful if the cyst ruptures or twists, causing problems during childbirth, which is why it is important to connect with your OB-GYN and get help monitoring it if it requires medical interference.


Ovarian Cysts that may affect fertility:


Although having a cyst on an ovary does not usually directly affect the chances of becoming pregnant, they are symptoms of other underlying conditions that partake in compromising the woman’s fertility.


  1. Endometriosis

is a type of illness that may cause cysts to interfere with fertility. It usually occurs when the lining of the uterus (endometrial tissue) starts implanting or growing on the outside of the uterus or blocks the fallopian tubes, trapping the blood in the ovaries. These are usually filled with dark blood and can form in varied sizes from less than an inch to more than 5 inches. More than 40% of women who have issues with fertility have endometriosis. A few steps you can take to avoid this risk is to:

a.      Exercise regularly

b.      Stay away from excess alcohol

c.      Avoid drinks containing high volume of caffeine


  1. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

is one of the main causes of infertility among women. It is a hormone imbalance that causes clusters of pearl-sized cysts, affecting the woman’s fertility. In PCOS, the woman’s body is unable to produce all the hormones that are needed for her eggs to fully mature for prompt ovulation. Since the immature follicles contain immature eggs, the eggs are not released causing the ovary to turn into cysts.  


Women diagnosed with PCOS still manage to conceive naturally, although some of them may require medical interference to regulate their ovulation and reduce hormonal imbalance and restoration of the normal functioning of ovaries, increasing the chances of getting pregnant. It is best to take precautions by yourself to minimize the risks, such as exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy diet, avoiding alcohol and cigarettes, etc.


Although most cysts are harmless to the human body, some may cause obstructions in pregnancy. It is necessary to consult your OB-GYN about the potential problems ovarian cysts may cause, and the treatments available for it. There is always hope. Stay healthy, stay happy.

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