Your pregnancy is calculated from the first day of your last menstrual period, so technically you haven’t conceived your baby yet. Week 1 is when you are still experiencing your menstrual cycle, and you will ovulate around the end of week 2.
Presently, you are menstruating. The endometrium or the outer lining of your uterus is being shed in the form of blood and clots. Your ovaries are getting ready to release an egg into one of your fallopian tubes soon. Ovulation generally occurs in the middle of your menstrual cycle, so if you have a typical 28-day menstrual cycle, you will probably ovulate on the 14th day from the first day of your period. In preparation for this, your ovaries have about 10-12 follicles ready, of which one follicle will release an egg. Once one of your partner’s sperm cells fertilises the egg, the resulting zygote will move into your uterus to implant into your uterine wall.
Speak to your doctor about pre-pregnancy blood tests or scans to gauge your reproductive health and wellbeing.Start a daily course of vitamin B12 and folic acid supplements; these are important for the development of your baby’s neural tube (the spine and other organs develop from the neural tube, and any abnormalities in the first six weeks of this process are likely to result in genetic deformities such as spina bifida).Eat foods rich in folates, like lentils, nuts, soya products, spinach, beetroot, oranges, cabbage, meat, eggs, poultry, and fish.
Work on curbing unhealthy habits like drinking, smoking and excessive consumption of junk food.
Have your fertility profile evaluated alongside your partner’s to identify risks or concerns right at the outset.
Limit your alcohol and caffeine intake and cut back on smoking (these can affect the quality of your sperm).