Endometriosis comes from the word endometrium. It is the lining in the uterus that the female body produces each month in case of egg implantation.
Many times the endometrial tissue passes through the end of the fallopian tube & into the abdomen. Hormones made in the next menstrual cycle create an environment for the extra mass to grow, which later sheds off like other tissue in the uterus.
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Although the bleeding & removal of tissue from the body does not take place, that causes inflammation and irritation of local tissue.
Endometriosis may grow on the outside of your uterus, ovaries and tubes, and even your bladder and intestines.
It is a very common condition affecting 1 in 10 women. Endometriosis affects women in their reproductive years(15-45 years).
Symptoms of Endometriosis:
- Common symptoms include pelvic pain
- Dysmenorrhea before and during menses,
- Painful intercourse,
- Pain or other abnormalities with urination
- Pain during bowel movements
Must Read: Conquering Endometriosis
Effect of Endometriosis on Fertility:
- 30-50 % of women with endometriosis may experience infertility
- The inflammation and irritation caused by the endometriosis can affect fertility.
- Inflammation causes the production of chemicals known as cytokines. These cytokines can inhibit the sperm and egg cells, making fertilization more difficult.
- Scarring and adhesions that occur with endometriosis can block the fallopian tubes or uterus, making it difficult for the sperm to meet the egg.
To Know More: About Diet to combat Endometriosis
- Endometrial tissue on the ovaries can inhibit ovulation, preventing the release of an egg.
- There are many different treatment options to help manage endometriosis, such as:
- Medications to relieve pain
- Hormonal medications: Pills and other devices containing synthetic estrogen, progestin, or both are a common way to manage endometriosis symptoms.
- Laparoscopic surgery with the aim to remove the endometrial lesions while leaving the surrounding healthy tissue intact. Surgery to remove lesions may improve a person’s chance of getting pregnant.
- Infertility treatment: A woman with endometriosis may require infertility treatment in order to conceive.
Must Read: Finding the END in ENDometriosis
- Endometriosis is a common disorder with a variety of symptoms. While some people with endometriosis have fertility issues because of the condition, many get pregnant and deliver healthy babies.
Also, Watch video on Common Signs of Infertility in Women
- A woman who suspects that endometriosis is affecting her fertility should speak with a doctor about all of the options.