Cramps and pelvic pain are never enjoyable. The cramps that one experiences before a period or during the period are absolutely normal. It is caused when the hormone-like compound, prostaglandin contracts the uterine muscles to remove the unfertilized egg along with the uterus lining.
But what if there is cramping but no period? Why does it happen? When does it happen? How does it happen? Is it normal? There must be a million questions running across your head when it happens. The possible reasons are many, ranging from ovulation and implantation to cancer. Let’s find out more about it!
Just by the intensity of the pain, it is tough to tell whether the pain is caused by something simple or serious. But here is a list of common reasons for it, give it a read.
An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that develops on one of the two ovaries. It can be painless or painful. It is a common condition experienced by women around the globe currently. An ovarian cyst generally has no symptoms, but when a large one ruptures, you can experience frequent painful cramps on the side of the lower abdomen or below the belly button.
Women during their menopause notice pain on one side of the lower belly which can be sharp or dull. This harmless twinge of discomfort is termed as “mittelschmerz.” It happens because the ovaries cramps (mid-month, about 10-14 days) before the period to release an egg for a possible pregnancy. This lasts for a few minutes to a few hours.
Implantation of the fetus to the womb can also cause slight cramping or lower pelvic pain. Not only the implantation but as the pregnancy progresses the womb stretches and thickens to accommodate the fetus, this can cause the cramps around 5th or 6th week of pregnancy.
Miscarriage is a medical term used when the unborn baby is lost before the 20th week of pregnancy. It is characterized by symptoms like:
It is a minor surgery performed under general anaesthesia where the doctor opens the cervix to remove the remaining pregnancy tissue. We suggest you consult a gynaecologist for more information and options.
Medication is prescribed to speed up the passing of the pregnancy tissue.
Pelvic inflammatory disease or the PID is a bacterial infection caused by normal bacteria living in the vagina that affects the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and cervix. Cramping felt in the lower abdomen, painful sex, and painful urination are few of its common symptoms.
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases or IBD is a condition where the gastrointestinal (GI) tract gets inflamed. It adversely affects the digestive tract’s lining and produces symptoms like swelling, redness, irritation, pain in the GI tract which is accompanied by abdominal cramps.
It is a condition where the endometrium (the tissue lining the inside of the uterus) grows in the ovaries, fallopian tubes, the outer surface of the uterus. This results in painful cramps at any time of the month, as and when the tissues grow.
Ovarian cancer is the growth of a malignant tumour in the ovaries that can cause abdominal or pelvic cramping. The pain and cramps intensify with time and don’t subside.
Seek immediate medical help if you have been experiencing the symptoms or suspecting any of the cases mentioned above. Just book an appointment with the nearest doctor or a specialist like a gynaecologist. Watch out for cramps on one side which is accompanied by bleeding or spotting. Speak to your doctor when it happens.