Staph infection is common in toddlers when compared to adults. It is a bacterial infection caused by staphylococcus group. It can affect the skin and various parts of the body, including the lungs, bones and heart. But when it is diagnosed early, with proper treatment, these infections get cured without any complications.
Causes of Staphylococcus Staph Infection in Toddlers
Any bacteria from the family of Staphylococcus can cause staph infection. However, the most common bacterium is the Staphylococcus aureus. The other species that lead to this illness are Staphylococcus saprophyticus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. These are present inside the nose of a healthy individual or can be present on the skin. Normally these do not cause infection, but when they enter the human body through abrasions, cuts or wounds, it causes staphylococcus infection. If left untreated, it can reach the blood vessels, joints, bones and organs and turn into a serious problem like septicemia.
Boils are most common staph infection; occur in the oil glands or the hair follicles. The affected area becomes red and swollen. These boils are usually seen on the buttocks and the underarms. If it is broken, it may drain pus.
It can cause carbuncle, which is a group of boils
The stye of the eye, which is a red bump on or near the eyelid.
For minor skin injuries, topical ointments or antibiotic creams are prescribed. Ensure that you complete the course as per doctor recommendations, even if the symptoms have subsided. Incomplete treatment leads to resistance in bacteria.
A bleach bath may be recommend by doctor. This will reduce the amount of bacteria on the skin and will help to treat the current infection.
If there are recurrent infections, the pediatrician may ask you to use systemic antibiotic treatment. IV antibiotics may be needed if the infection is caused by Staphylococcus aureus infection, which is resistant to methicillin.
Other treatment choices may be:
Removal of devices like catheters or tubes if that is the cause of infection.
Pus drainage by cutting the site and draining the pus.
Do not self-treat when there is a staph infection in toddlers, as improper usage of antibiotics makes the bacteria resistant to antibiotics and makes common antibiotics useless at treating staph infections.