Endocrinology is a branch of biology and medicine which deals with the endocrine system in particular. The branch of endocrinology generally deals with hormones, which are secreted by various endocrine glands in the body.
Hormones and endocrine system:
The human endocrine system consists of several glands, which secrete chemicals known as hormones. These hormones are responsible for regulating and controlling some of the most important functions of the human body like growth and development, sleep, respiration, digestion, mood, stress, lactation, reproduction etc. The hormones are directly released into the bloodstream and not in a specific duct. Some of the most common examples of hormones are thyroid hormone, growth hormone, and insulin.
Excessive secretion or under sectretion of hormones can have a very negative impact on the overall health of the individual. Over secretion or under secretion of hormones leads to various health complications like hypothyroidism, diabetes, etc. which can often be life-threatening.
Who is an endocrinologist?
Endocrinologists, as the name suggests, are doctors specializing in the functioning of endocrine glands. Endocrinologists closely study the hormonal conditions and provide the best possible treatments for ailments of the endocrine system. Health problems related to the endocrine gland can be an issue for adults as well as children. Endocrinologists specializing in dealing with endocrine problems in children are known as pediatric endocrinologists.
What conditions can an endocrinologist treat?
Endocrinologists diagnose and provide treatment for problems affecting:
Broadly speaking, endocrinologists deal with problems like diabetes, hypertension, infertility, lack of growth, menopause, metabolic disorders, lipid disorders etc.
There are various reasons why a child may need to visit an endocrinologist. As already mentioned, endocrinologists specializing in the treatment of children are known as pediatric endocrinologists.
Some common reasons why your child may need to visit one are:
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