Most women prefer a normal delivery as it is considered healthier and safer for the mother and the baby. Vaginal birth is believed to reduce the risk of many complications like a decreased need for blood transfusion, reduced risk of postpartum infections and uterine scarring. But sometimes, during the process of a natural vaginal birth, there can be certain complications or situations where an intervention may be required for delivery. One such intervention is vacuum-assisted delivery. Below is all the information you need to know about vacuum-assisted delivery and vacuum-assisted delivery complications:
What is Vacuum-Assisted Delivery?
Vacuum-assisted delivery, also called vacuum extraction, is a medical procedure that is done during normal vaginal birth. Vacuum extraction is done when the mother is exhausted from pushing and cannot do it anymore while delivering the child. The doctors use the help of a vacuum cup, which comes with a pump and a handle, to do the delivery. The vacuum cup is called the ventouse cup and is made of plastic and is attached to the baby's head. In a vacuum extraction, the doctor places the vacuum pump with a soft cup and a handle on the head to guide it to the birth canal. The vacuum-assisted delivery is done when the mother pushes it like a normal delivery.
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The labour is not progressing even after taking enough pushing by the mother-to-be. After a certain time, the doctor may recommend vacuum extraction.
The other indications for vacuum delivery are when the baby's heartbeat becomes irregular or the doctor suspects an issue with the child's health.
The mother-to-be has a health concern, which is another indication of vacuum delivery. The doctor may recommend vacuum extraction when the mother has heart conditions. The mother is given a limited time for vaginal delivery and if not successful, this procedure is done.
The mother is too tired to push anymore.
A major indication for vacuum delivery is when the baby shows distress and has to come out faster than the mother can push on her own.
There can be pain in the vagina and the anus even after delivery. This area of tissue gets stretched during childbirth and is sensitive. This vacuum-assisted delivery complication goes away with time and it is not uncommon to have sensitivity and pain in this area.
The vacuum-assisted delivery can result in vaginal tearing. This is quite painful but can be treated with dissolvable stitches.
A vacuum-assisted delivery is also called a vacuum extraction and is a medical procedure to help the baby come out of the birth canal when labour is stopped.
Is vacuum-assisted delivery safe?
Yes. It is recommended only under specific conditions and if they are not met, the doctor does not recommend this procedure. Vacuum extraction can help deliver a baby without going through surgery. When there are favorable conditions.
Is vacuum-assisted delivery painful?
No. It is not painful as a local anesthetic injection or an epidural is given to block pain. There can be sensitivity around the anus and the vagina after the procedure, which may last a few weeks.
Does vacuum delivery affect the baby?
Certain temporary risks of this procedure include a temporary lump on the head, bleeding in the space between the scalp and the skull, bleeding at the back of the eyes, newborn jaundice and skull fracture.
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