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Gynecological problems in Adolescence

Adolescence is a period of enormous physical and psychological changes for young girls. Gynecological problems are the most common reason for adolescent girls to see physicians.

The common gynecological problems are:

Pediatric vulvitis and vaginitis:

It is also called vulvovaginitis and is defined as an inflammation of the vulva which is the outer part of the female reproductive system and is also called the external genitalia.

It causes symptoms like redness, swelling, itching, and pain. It can be caused by the skin reacting to an irritant such as scented toilet paper, perfumed soaps, laundry detergents, vaginal sprays, spermicides, condoms, douching, psoriasis, scabies, etc.

Amenorrhea:

It is defined as the absence of menstruation or one or more menstrual periods. Girls who have missed at least three menstrual periods continuously or don’t have menstruation by age 15 have amenorrhea. The most common cause of amenorrhea is pregnancy, and the other causes include a problem with the reproductive organs or with the glands that help regulate hormone levels.

Its symptoms include milky nipple discharge, hair loss, headache, vision changes, excess facial hair, pelvic pain, and acne.

Dysmenorrhea:

It is a medical term for menstrual cramps which are caused by uterine contractions. It is caused by contractions in the uterus by a chemical called prostaglandin. There are two types of Dysmenorrhea:

  • Primary Dysmenorrhea: It refers to common menstrual cramps. Pain usually begins one or two days before menstrual bleeding starts and is felt in the lower abdomen, back, or thighs.

  • Secondary Dysmenorrhea: It results from a disorder in the reproductive organs. It egis early I the menstrual cycle and lasts longer than common menstrual cramps.

Abnormal vaginal Bleeding:

It is also called as inter-menstrual bleeding, spotting, and metrorrhagia. There are several causes of bleeding between periods such as:

  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Pregnancy Complication
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Infection
  • Cancer
  • Stress
  • Significant weight gain or weight loss

Sexually Transmitted Disease:

STDs are passed from one person to another through sexual contact. Girls can have STDs by having vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has an STD. According to the studies, one in five girls between 14 and 19 years is infected with HPV which is the cause of cervical cancer and genital warts.

The adolescents require a kind, gentle, and knowledgeable approach and they must be assured of a confidential doctor-patient relationship without risking alienating their parents.

Take appointment of a lady gynecologist or visit women clinic to check for any problems with reproductive organs. Your gynecologist will diagnose your problems by discussing your symptoms and by performing tests.

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