Although heavy bleeding, painful cramps, crazy mood swings, bloating, etc. can be a common issue during your “red flag days,” it doesn’t mean that this is always normal. Your body tells you that there is something very wrong when these symptoms persist for a long time. It can be rightly said that almost every woman around the globe suffers from a gynaecological problem at a certain point in her life. In most cases, these problems are mild and easily treatable, while some of them are serious and can affect their fertility and quality of life.
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There are technology and inventions (both surgical and medical) that exists to relieve and cure gynaecological problems and its symptoms ranging from menstrual disorders to urinary incontinence. We have listed down for you a few of the most common gynaecological problems and its treatment options.
Heavy bleeding, prolonged bleeding, bleeding while having sex, bleeding between periods are the signs of a menstrual disorder. Depending on the severity of the condition the treatment options (medical or surgical) are adopted.
The most common menstrual disorders are:
It is a condition where a woman experiences abnormally painful cramps, pain in the lower back, inner thighs and hips, nausea and loose stools during her menstruation days. The pain is caused due to the insufficient supply of oxygen to the uterine muscles while contracting. The severity of the pain is said to decrease as a woman ages and is mostly resolved by childbirth.
The underlying causes of dysmenorrhea can be anyone or a combination of the following:
Mild dysmenorrhea is treated with measures such as heat, mild analgesics (painkiller), and exercises while severe cases of dysmenorrhea are treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents.
A normal menstruation cycle runs for an average of 28 days where the bleeding “period” is between 3 and 5 days. Any changes in this cycle is said to be abnormal. Abnormal uterine bleeding is defined as excessive, infrequency in duration and amount of bleeding in a woman and it should be evaluated. It is caused due to hormonal imbalance, pregnancy, physical abnormalities, and cancer. Causes and treatment of abnormal uterine bleeding.
The causes of abnormal uterine bleeding are divided into two:
How is it treated?
In the case of anatomic abnormality, it is surgically removed, e.g. polyps or fibroids are surgically removed. For chronic endometritis, antibiotics are prescribed and the IUD is removed. Antibiotics are also a very effective urinary tract infection treatment option. If the condition is severe, then endometrial ablation or hysterectomy is suggested.
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In case of severe bleeding which is normally seen in menarcheal girls and perimenopausal women, patients are treated with fluids and pregnancy and bleeding dyscrasias is recommended. In less severe condition a progesterone shot and oral contraceptives are enough to control the situation.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a condition that affects a woman’s emotions, physical well-being, and behaviour at certain days before her menstrual cycle. The changing levels of estrogen and progesterone are said to be responsible for it.
How is it treated?
Your doctor will recommend you:
Urinary incontinence in women is divided into two categories:
Stress urinary incontinence is the loss of urine control due to sudden intra-abdominal pressure example while coughing, sneezing, and laughing.
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Urge incontinence (unstable bladder) is the loss of urine control due to uninhabitable detrusor contraction.
Surgery cannot help treat this condition. Usually, the patients are provided with bladder retainer.
Uterine fibroids are the noncancerous growths found in the uterus. It ranges in size from seedlings (unnoticeable) to large masses (can disfigure or enlarge the uterus).
Generally, fibroids are classified by their location, they are:
The treatment options are:
Hysterectomy is a medical procedure which involves surgically removing the entire uterus and fibroids are the number one reason for opting Hysterectomy.
It is conservative surgical therapy. Here, the healthcare specialist removes the strips of fibroid (or any non-cancerous growth) in the uterus (leaving it intact) under direct vision.
If you are experiencing painful cramps, severe abdominal pain, or heavy and/or prolonged bleeding, it's never too late to speak to your doctor.
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