Must Take Pre-Natal Tests
Once your pregnancy is confirmed your doctor will ask you to conduct some tests. While most parents-to-be take their doctor’s recommendations seriously, there are those who might wonder why so many tests are required whenever they visit the doctor. On your prenatal visits, your doctor will conduct a physical examination, and perhaps suggest some tests to ensure all is well with mother and child.During your first couple of visits, your doctor will recommend the following prenatal tests:
- Urine test: This will confirm the pregnancy.
- A blood test: A blood test will help the doctor find your blood grouping and typing and determine if you have any deficiencies for which supplements have to be taken. Besides the doctor will want to know if you have any sexually transmitted disease (like HIV or syphilis), Hepatitis B, etc. Some of these diseases, like HIV, can be transmitted to the baby so your doctor would like to offer treatments to reduce the chances of passing the ailment to the child.
- An ultrasound: This confirms the nature of the pregnancy (if you are expecting twins or triplets) and the tentative delivery date.
During your subsequent visits, your doctor will keep asking you to give a urine sample, to check if you have any urinary tract infections and other conditions.Trimester-Based TestsBetween 9 to 13 weeks, your doctor will ask you to go for a blood test to rule out any genetic ailments like cystic fibrosis, Sickle cell disease, thalassemia, etc. Between 11 to 13.6 weeks, your doctor will also conduct a Double Marker blood test. This is accompanied by an ultrasound NT scan to rule out any abnormalities, like Down’s syndrome, in your baby.During your second-trimester, your doctor will also recommend an ultrasound between 16 and 20 weeks. This will give the doctor an idea if there are any physical abnormalities in the baby. Between 24 and 28 weeks, an Oral Glucose Challenge Test (OGCT) will be conducted to check if you suffer from gestational diabetes.In the third trimester, you will have another blood test to check if you suffer from gestational diabetes or anemia. An ultrasound scan will be repeated to check the baby’s development and the location of your placenta. In case you have a low-lying placenta, your doctor will advise you to minimize your movements and avoid any strenuous activities until your delivery to avoid any distress to your baby.Your doctor will be your best guide about the tests required to assess your baby’s growth as well as your health. So go for your prenatal visits and the tests regularly, without fail. Your baby’s wellbeing depends on it.
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